CHITTACONG
REMADE IN BENGLADESH,
ARTICULATION D’UNE PRODUCTION LOCALE RÉSILIENTE
 
Auteur : Meriem Chabani
source : diplome ENSA paris malaquais, 2013
LafargeHolcim Awards Next Generation 5eme place
Directeur de département : Steven Melemis
Directeur d’étude : Marc Armangaud
Second Enseignant: Sandra Parvu
 

“La ville échappe à son déterminisme grâce à l’inventivité et à l’improvisation de ses habitants. Si ce sont des intentions politiques qui la dessinent, c’est sa population qui la transforme. Chittagong, dont les grands corps urbains sont le résultat d’investissements étrangers et dont la politique urbaine est fortement dépendante, est à la fois “ville des autres”, et la ville de tous.”

Remade in Bangladesh aims to investigate, at an urban and architectural scale, the Bangladeshi textile industry. Through the creation of a collective of the same name, based on the creation of new relationships of mutual benefit between the city’s existing stakeholders, the author gives herself the mission of redefining the meaning of made in Bangladesh as it exists today, as a precarious mode of production rather than a product with intrinsic and symbolic qualities. Rather than centralised mass production, the project explores the establishment of a network of small-scale production cells organised around an import/export fair.


Synthèse territoriale des interventions. ©Meriem Chabani  

At the heart of foreign financial interests, Bangladesh has to develop while making arrangements with restrictive geopolitical dynamics. Chittagong, as main harbour of the country, second biggest city, heart of the import/export economy of Bangladesh, is home to the ever growing tensions between big industry and small scale economy. 92% of the country’s exportations travel through Chittagong’s port. Which makes it, in terms of economy and ahead of the capital Dhaka, the beating heart of the country’s relationship to the world.


©Meriem Chabani  


Mise en place d'un système de micro-entreprise.  

In Chittagong, living and producting go hand by hand. Shops often have workshops in the backyard, when they’re not on the street front, which build the products being sold day by day. Often, housing is in the direct vicinity of the workspace, when it’s not directly interwoven. This the reason why the toolhouse, an architectural form grouping production, sales and housing under the same roof, is the starting point for a strategic insertion of production into the urban tissue. The project is broken down into four missions of the Remade in Bangladesh collective that take shape in an overall urban strategy. The author proposes a catalogue of ten architectural typologies offering a range of possible means of insertion in the semi-urban tissue of the Anwara-Karnaphuly district. At each step, the actors involved are identified and constitute the substance of the project: a project is proposed, but for and with whom?


Foire Import/Export : Un évènement pour la promotion et la vente des produits “Remade in Bangladesh” à l’international.  


Toolhouses, ateliers, 10 propositions. ©Meriem Chabani  

The construction catalogue (toolhouses, workshops, exhibition center) offers simple and easily reproducible structures. For security reasons, concrete is the main structural material, protecting from floods and heat. Local materials like bamboo, mud and bricks are used as secondary structures.

Conceived as a critique of the effect of globalisation’s mechanisms on the territories of the developing world, Remade in Bangladesh operates primarily as the evidence of a possible alternative. It illustrates the responsibilities of the architect and their margins for manoeuvre in their capacity as mediator as much as builder, across a range of scales.


©Meriem Chabani  


©Meriem Chabani  


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Photos prises à l'occasion de l'exposition New South à la galerie du Crous.
Novembre 2015.


©Pierre Seron  


©Pierre Seron